There are different types of pest control measures, all of which target specific pests. What works in the home may not necessarily work outside. Knowing the type of pest you are up against will help determine what measures are needed. The following information will provide a basic understanding of pest control. Eliminating Breeding Grounds The first step to pest control and the safest measure is to eliminate breeding grounds. Remove trash, yard and garden debris, and other clutter where pests breed and nest. Be certain drainage systems are in working order to eliminate stagnant water. Keeping the area surrounding your house clean and free of pest habitat will help inhibit the growth of a variety of species. Biological Pest Control This is the control of pest in a biological manner, pests are effectively dealt with and controlled. Controlling mosquitoes for example with the use of bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis ssp (Bti) will kill off mosquito larvae with no effect on other species. This method has the least negative impact on the ecosystem. Pest Traps Pest traps are available in many styles and are safe and effective for many pests. You can find anything from an insect trap that is safe to put in your pantry, to a catch and release rodent trap for your yard. A bit of research will help you determine which trap is best for your pest control needs. Poisoned Bait If you are combating rodents, this is a very effective method that's being used in many households. The poisoned bait is placed in areas experiencing the most pest presence. As with all poisons, once consumed the pest will die. However, this method comes with potential risks to pets and should not be used in households with small children. A pest control specialist should always be consulted prior to using poisoned bait to ensure it is a safe option for your household. Space Fumigation This is one of the most costly means of pest control but very effective. It can be used even in open spaces. This involves the use of an air tight spray kit in which there is no vacuum. The fluid is pumped out as fumes through the nozzle, permeating the environment. The advantage of this is that the kit can be used for almost any type of liquid fumigant, the disadvantage is that it can have a negative effect on the ecosystem. This type of pest control must be administered by a professional pest control specialist. An individual should never use pest control products without the guidance and supervision of a pest control specialist. Read all labels carefully and adhere to all hazardous warnings associated with any pest control products you are considering using.